History of the city
Voronezh city – the administrative centre of the Voronezh Oblast (Region) of Russian Federation, a big industrial and cultural centre, a Railroad Junction. Situated on the both banks of the Voronezh River, which is left side tributary of the Don River. Population is more then 961 thousand people (2010), area 343 square kilometers. Voronezh was firstly mentioned in chronicles in 1177, but real relation of an ancient Voronezh with the contemporary one has not still being approved.
The fortress, founded on the place of the modern Voronezh in 1585 by the order of the Russian Tzar Fiodor I and completed in 1586 under the direction of the voivodes (chiefs) S.F. Saburov, V.G. Birkin and I.G. Myasnoy, as a fort protecting the Russian state from the raids of Crimean and Nogay Tatars. So the year 1586 is considered as a date of foundation of Voronezh.